Today we are going to take a look at the Substitute Future Tense in Spanish, also known as the Periphrastic Future. This tense is used to express ideas about the future. We will also take a look at the “Periphrastic Conditional.”
In Spanish this is actually a pretty easy combination and easy to remember. Let take a look at what the combination’s is:
The verb IR in the present tense plus an infinitive verb.
Voy a cantar.
Vas a beber.
Va a cenar.
Vamos a escribir.
Van a correr.
For example: El fin de semana que viene, los chicos van a ir al parque.
(The next weekend the children are going to go to the park).
With the “future” we usually use the following expressions:
En 2 dias: In (#) days
El fin de semana que viene: Next weekend
El proximo fin de semana: Next weekend.
La semana que viene: Next week.
El ano que viene: Next year.
El proximo lunes: Next Monday.
Pasado manana: The day after tomorrow.
Esta noche: Tonight.
The “condicional perifrastico” is not a formal comprare levitra online sicuro tense, like the “futuro perifrastico” (voy a salir), it is a group of words used to form an idea.
The “Condicional Perifrastico is formed by the verb IR in Preterito Imperfecto + A + Infinitive Verb: this group of words is used to explain something you were going to do in the past but ended up not doing it. For example: “I was going to go to the party last night, but I had a headache.” The reason why an action is not performed can be expressed in the past, present or future.
Iba + a + Comer
Ibamos a ir a cenar a ese restaurant, pero no pudimos hacer reservas y no habia mas espacio.
(We were going to go to eat dinner but we couldn’t make reservations and there wasn’t any more space).
Iba a llamarte esta manana, pero el telefono no funciona.
(I was going to call you this morning, but the phone doesn’t work).
Peter iba a ir a las Vegas el fin de semana, pero no puede porque tendra que trabajar.
(Peter was going to go to Las Vegas the next weekend, but he can’t, because he will have to work).
For further practice with the Substitute Future Tense in Spanish (Periphrastic Future) and the Periphrastic Conditional, I recommend Level 1 of Learning Spanish Like Crazy. Use that course in conjunction with Level 1 of FSI (Foreign Service Institute) Spanish.