In today’s world, many people are realizing that they need to get educated about the reality of disease. In addition to gaining basic knowledge about conditions they may be susceptible to, individuals need to develop prevention strategies that can empower them to lead profoundly healthy lives. One condition that more and more people are striving to learn more about is diabetes. Learn more about this condition and some of its severe outcomes, including the diabetic coma, by reviewing the information found below:
SO… WHAT IS DIABETES?
Diabetes is an illness that takes place when an individual’s blood sugar (blood glucose) is too high. Blood glucose is the body’s primary source of energy and it is found in the foods we consume. Insulin, a hormone manufactured by the body’s pancreas, enables the glucose from food to enter our cells. The food is then used for energy. If the body doesn’t make enough insulin or utilize it effectively, the glucose remains in the blood and never reaches the cells. In some cases, individuals refer to diabetes as “borderline diabetes” or “a touch of sugar.” These phrases indicate that the individual doesn’t really have diabetes or is grappling with a less critical illness. Nevertheless, any and every case should be recognized, evaluated, and monitored.
WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT KINDS OF DIABETES?
The three most common kinds of diabetes include type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.
TYPE 1 DIABETES
Individuals who have type 1 diabetes find that their bodies do not create insulin. Instead, their immune systems attack and destroy the pancreatic cells responsible for the production of insulin. Typically, this form of diabetes is diagnosed in young adults and children. However, it can appear at any stage of life. Individuals who have type 1 diabetes must take insulin each day to live.
TYPE 2 DIABETES
Individuals who struggle with type 2 diabetes find that their bodies are not making or using insulin effectively. People can acquire this form of diabetes at any stage of life, including childhood. However, the condition is most common amongst elderly and middle-aged people. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of the condition.
Gestational diabetes surfaces in some women during their pregnancies. Generally, this form of diabetes ends once the baby is born. Yet if you endure gestational diabetes, you are more susceptible to developing type 2 diabetes later on. In some cases, the form of diabetes diagnosed during a woman’s pregnancy is type 2.
OTHER FORMS OF DIABETES
One less common form of diabetes is monogenic diabetes. This is a form of diabetes that individuals inherit. Another less common form of diabetes is cystic fibrosis-related diabetes
IS DIABETES COMMON?
In 2015, 30.3 million US individuals had diabetes. This is 9.4% of the population. Over 1 in 4 of these individuals were unaware that they were grappling with the condition. Diabetes affects 1 in 4 individuals who are over 65. About 90-95% of adults who have diabetes are dealing with the type 2 form.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?
There are multiple symptoms which can indicate Glucofort that an individual is struggling with diabetes. Some of them include:
• Increased urination and thirst
• Increased hunger
• Numbness in the hands or feet
• Blurred vision
• Inexplicable weight loss
• Sores that will not heal
WHAT ARE THE CAUSES?
Type 2 diabetes can be caused by a wide range of factors, including genes and lifestyle. Some considerations:
OBESITY, BEING OVERWEIGHT, AND PHYSICAL INACTIVITY
If you lead a sedentary lifestyle and are currently obese or overweight, you are more susceptible to developing type 2 diabetes. In some cases, carrying excess weight can cause insulin resistance. Also, the location of the body fat matters. Specifically, excess fat in the abdominal region is linked to blood vessel disease, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes. You can utilize BMI charts to determine whether your current weight is increasing your susceptibility to this condition.
Typically, type 2 diabetes starts with insulin resistance. This is a condition in which fat cells, liver, and muscle do not utilize insulin effectively. As a consequence of this bodily shortcoming, the body requires more insulin to ensure that glucose can enter the cells. In the beginning, the individual’s pancreas will create more insulin to compensate for the added demands. Over the course of time, the person’s pancreas will not produce sufficient amounts of insulin. This in turn causes her or his blood glucose levels to rise.
GENES AND FAMILY HISTORY
Unfortunately, there are some genes that can make an individual more susceptible to developing type 2 diabetes. The condition tends to become prevalent within families. Additionally, it occurs most frequently within the following ethnic/rac