WHAT IS THE EUROPEAN UNION?
The European Union is made up of 28 Member States. Founded on November 1 1993, the European Union is a political and economic union generating policies aiming to ensure free movement of goods, people, services and capital within its internal market. Many laws are standardised across all Member States and common policies on trade apply.
HOW ARE EU LAWS DECIDED?
The European Council, the Council of the European Union, the European Parliament, the European Commission, the Court of Justice of the European Union, the European Central Bank and the European Court of Auditors undertake decision-making through a hybrid governance system made up of these bodies brexit millionaire reviews.
WHAT WAS THE RESULT OF THE REFERENDUM?
On 23 June 2016, the UK public voted in favour of leaving the European Union. Voters turned out at a rate of 72.2% and the Leave vote won 51.9% of the vote across the whole of the UK.
WHAT DOES THE RESULT OF THE REFERENDUM MEAN FOR THE UK?
It is highly unlikely that the government would ignore the result given the situation but the government does not have to respect the vote to leave.
The reason for this is that Parliament can vote against the adoption of any legislation linked to withdrawal. However, if the UK government had already notified the EU under Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty, Parliament would not be able to oppose it.
The UK’s membership of NATO will remain unchanged and so the impact on the armed forces and defence should be minimal.
WHAT IS ARTICLE 50 OF THE LISBON TREATY?
Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty (or the Reform Treaty) is an international agreement which forms the constitutional basis of the European Union. The Treaty entered into force from December 1 2009.
SO WHAT DOES THE RESULT OF THE REFERENDUM MEAN FOR UK LAWS AND REGULATIONS?
Until the UK actually leaves the EU, EU legal requirements must be met. To remove EU obligations from UK law, the government will be required to repeal a number of laws. This includes repealing the European Communities Act (ECA) 1972, any directly applicable EU regulations and secondary legislation implementing EU law.
If the UK government believes that these laws can work without the UK being a member of the European Union, any directly applicable EU regulation or secondary legislation implementing EU law can remain enforceable in the UK.
WHAT DOES THIS MEAN FOR IMMIGRATION, MOVEMENT OF PEOPLE AND WORKING RIGHTS OF EU/EEA CITIZENS?
Until Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty is invoked, working rights and the movement of people/immigration remains unchanged. In the long term, what happens in practice will depend on the approach taken by the government and the 27 other Member States during the UK’s withdrawal negotiations. During the referendum campaign, the government did not establish any approach or explain what approach it would take if the people voted to leave the European Union.