IIT’s the Indian Institute of Technology are the premier institutes of India. They can be considered as the MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) of India. There are in all 16 IITs, IIT Bhubaneswar, IIT Chennai, IIT Delhi, IIT Gandhinagar, IITGuwahati, IIT Hyderabad, IIT Indore, IIT Jodhpur, IIT Kanpur, IIT Kharagpur, IIT Mandi, IIT Mumbai, IIT Patna, IIT Ropar, IIT Roorkee and IIT Varanasi. The IIT offers undergraduate and various postgraduate courses. Undergraduate courses include B. Tech in engineering. JEE (Joint Entrance Exam) is the common entrance test that needs to be appeared for registering into this course. They also offer graduate courses like M.Tech in engineering; admission into this is through GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering). Also they offer various other courses like M.Sc. in Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, MBA etc.
Every student aspiring to be an engineer would at some point or other dreams about being a part of IIT. It requires a lot of hard work and dedication to get associated with IIT especially for B. Tech course. The competition to get into these institutions is phenomenal, as a large number of students appear for the exam. Close to 5,00,000 students appear for JEE and the number of seats are only 9700(approx). A student who aspires of getting into the IITs starts his preparations from a very early stage as early as even his 8th standard. Schools, colleges and IIT-JEE coaching institutes in India have special coaching classes for such students. There are also a lot of private institutions that offer coaching facilities for students. Many students also take a drop in their education after their 12th standard to prepare for JEE. The competition for the undergraduate courses is more than that as compared to postgraduate courses Medical Coaching in Dehradun.
An engineer graduating from the IITs can be placed above all the others graduating from the other institutes. In the first year all students from all the streams study common subjects like mathematics, physics, chemistry etc and from their second year onwards they start studying about their branch specific subjects exclusively. Also they are made to take advanced subjects from other streams to broaden their knowledge. They also study humanities and other management related subjects. The knowledge that these graduates gain is not just limited to theory as in other institutes, but also extended to a lot of practical and research work. Equal importance is given to sports activities too; each IIT has a ground for cricket, football, lawn tennis, hockey, swimming pool for aquatics etc.
All engineers graduating out of the IITs are placed well in good companies. It is a very common notion that there is a lot of brain drain in IIT, as almost everybody graduating from IITs tends to go abroad. But it has been observed recently that a lot of them are actually returning back to the country. According to a recent survey conducted by Pan IIT Alumni, among IIT alumni who are in top-leadership roles, seven out of 10 are currently based in India with two out of 10 coming back to India after careers in other parts of the world. There is clear evidence of a significant increase in the number of India-based alumni in leadership roles.